Concussions

Last Updated: Oct 17th, 2014

CONCUSSIONS IN YOUTH SPORTS

The NWT Soccer Association recognizes the potential danger and long-term health consequences of this often difficult to diagnose form of traumatic brain injury.  This resource is intended to provide easy-to-understand guidelines related to players who have been diagnosed with or are suspected of having a concussion.

A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI), caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head that can change the way your brain normally works. Concussions can also occur from a blow to the body that causes the head to move rapidly back and forth. Even a “ding,” “getting your bell rung,” or what seems to be mild bump or blow to the head can be serious.

Cocaches on their own time, can watch the following videos on concussions:

          

 

Brain Injury & Concussion - Information

Symptoms

  • Headache
  • Dizziness, Confusion, Disorientation
  • Feeling dazed/ Seeing stars
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Ringing in ears
  • Tiredness
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Irritability

Signs

  • Poor balance or coordination
  • Slow or slurred speech
  • Poor concentration
  • Delayed responses to questions
  • Vacant stare
  • Decreased playing ability
  • Unusual emotions, personality change, and inappropriate behavior

Action Steps

  • Remove the player from the current game or practice
  • Do not leave the player alone; monitor signs and symptoms
  • Do not administer medication
  • Inform the coach, parent or guardian about the injury
  • The player should be evaluated by a medical doctor
  • The player must not return to play in the game or practice

Return to Play:

  • No activity, only complete rest. Proceed to step 2 only when symptoms are gone.
  • Light aerobic exercise, such as walking or stationary cycling. Monitor for symptoms and signs.  No resistance training or weight lifting.
  • Sport specific activities and training
  • Drills without body contact. May add light resistance training and progress to heavier weights.
  • Begin drills and body contact
  • Game Play
  • NOTE: Players should proceed through return to play steps only when they don not experience symptoms or signs and a physician has given clearance.

NEVER RETURN TO PLAY IF SYMPTOMS PERSIST!

Prevention Tips

Players

  • Get a custom fitted mouth guard
  • Respect other players
  • No hits to the head
  • No hits from behind

Coaches/Trainer/Referee

  • Eliminate all checks to the head
  • Eliminate all hits from behind
  • Recognize signs and symptoms of concussion
  • Inform and educate players about the risks of concussion

This information has been provided by the Canadian Centre for Ethics in Sport (CCES).